Liverpool’s five European trophies.

If you are fairly new to watching English soccer, you could certainly be forgiven for wondering why on Earth people would care about finishing in the top four in the Premier League.

Ultimately, this is what the top four teams in England are shooting for: The Champions League Trophy.

After all, in most sports finishing fourth isn’t considered any sort of success. That it is a lofty aspiration for many an English soccer club, and a critical bare minimum for several of them, takes some figuring out.

So what’s the deal with the top four?

It’s all about one thing: Europe.

Each league in English soccer — all of which are connected by a system of promotion and relegation — has only one table. At the bottom of the league lies relegation, for the worst three clubs, to the lower league for the whole next season. In the leagues below the Premier League, finishing in the top three means being promoted up a league for the whole next season. And, obviously, whoever finishes first is the champion in all leagues. (They aren’t that different!)

In the Premier League, at the top of the pyramid system of leagues, there is nowhere to be promoted to — within England. Where the top four go is into a competition, during the following season, called the UEFA Champions League.

Another One to Know: What Does it Mean to go to Wembley?

First of all, UEFA stands for Union of European Football Associations. And its Champions League is not truly a league; it’s a tournament. It is a season-long competition between the best teams from all European countries. It is, by a long shot, the most lucrative and glamorous club championship in the world. Why? Because all the money, and therefore all the big clubs and best players, are in Europe.

Stamford Bridge, home of Chelsea FC in London.

Tiny countries like Albania and Slovakia only send their champions, and they have to play in preliminary rounds. But big countries like England, Spain, France, Italy, and Germany get to send three or four teams. Getting in means at least six lucrative home and away games all over the continent, plus a share of television money. It also means you have enough glamour to sign big players, who want to play in the biggest competitions.

In other words, what does finishing top four in the Premier League mean? Lots and lots of money.

A side note: Whoever finishes fifth, and possibly sixth (it’s complicated) in the Premier League also gets into “the European places,” but that is for a smaller tournament called the UEFA Europa League. It is simply the NIT to the Champions League’s NCAA.

Here’s more on the Europa League.

Another quick side note: Every one of the seven regions (like UEFA) all over the world have some version of this competition. In the North and Central America region, it’s the CONCACAF (don’t ask) Champions League. In South America, it’s the Copa Libertadores. Africa also has a Champions League. And all the winners play each other in a thing called the Club World Cup, which no one really cares about unless they are in it.

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Display in the Chelsea Museum featuring Didier Drogba, their European hero.

Who’s in Europe This Season?

For the 2020-21 season, the usual four English teams are in the Championship League: Liverpool, Manchester City, Manchester United and Chelsea. Here’s the schedule for that competition. Man U dropped down into the Europa League, though, after finishing third in their Champions League group.

Also in the Europa League (schedule) this season were Leicester City, Arsenal and Tottenham. But Leicester City went out in the Round of 32.

Previous European Competitions

Who was the last English team to win the Champions League? Liverpool in 2019. In fact, iut in 2019’s two European competitions, four English teams — Tottenham Hotspur, Manchester City, Liverpool and Manchester United — made up half the quarterfinalists.

So as the 2020-21 Premier League season winds down, you may notice there are in fact three leagues going on, just within the Premier League:

  1. Who is going to win the league?
  2. Who is going to get relegated?
  3. Who is going to finish in the top four? Or five or six ….

In other words, some very big clubs in English soccer are going to have themselves a bitterly disappointing season by not making it into the Champions League for next season.

And now you know why some teams with no shot at winning the title will, over these next few weeks, play some incredibly important games.

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